Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches – The Difference Between A Deep Learning Approach and A Surface Learning Approach.

The Difference Between A Deep Learning Approach and A Surface Learning Approach. Let us hear from some of the brilliant minds in the education industry.

Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches

Deep and surface approaches to learning are approaches that students themselves and research, way back in the 1970s, actually told us those are terms of students in the research used. It’s not something that professors and, you know, educational theorists came up with. Let us know about the difference between surface learning and deep learning approaches from Joy Mighty of Carleton University.

Joy Mighty, Carleton University. Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches
Joy Mighty, Carleton University. Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches

The students have told us that they adapt their learning and approach to learning based on their learning context and their perception of the learning environments.

Surface learning is when they take a very rote approach to learning. They’re not interested in meaning and understanding. They want to give back to the instructor, perhaps what they think the instructor wants them to give.

It’s a question of learning by root memorizing, paying very little attention to, you know, challenging situations. Just make. The minimum effort, but you can get through the course in the minimum effort.

A deep approach to learning is when the student is motivated to go to the meaning to understand what they’re learning. It’s not simply a question of memorizing.

They ask questions about things that they’ve encountered in the learning process. They are interested enough to realize that a deep approach requires them to be actively involved in the learning process, participate by asking questions, seek answers themselves, and look for deeper understanding.

The same student can sometimes take a surface approach in one course and one professor and a deep approach with another. It is because of the environment that they perceive exists in each of those courses. So how you design a course is critical.

If you design a course where the learning outcomes are not explicit, it does not allow the students to immerse themselves in the process.

Also, the assessment is an important part of the design. 

We know how important assessment is to students. It’s one of the first questions they ask “how are we going to be evaluated in this course?” They can, very early in the course, based on how you’ve designed the assessment, recognize what it is you want from them: are you seeking a demonstration of learning, or are you seeking regurgitation of information that you have provided.

So how you design the course, the kinds of activities that you engage the students in the kinds of assessment you let you develop for the course would impact the students’ choice about what approach use it’s a choice, and they make that choice based on their life.

How would you distinguish deep and surface approaches of learning?

Maureen Connolly of Brock University is a big believer in associative anchoring.

Maureen Connolly, Brock University. Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches
Maureen Connolly, Brock University. Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches

Deep learning is anchored in Association. She will always go for understanding over memory, always. She will privilege understanding over memorization, and quite frankly, in the online education environment, memorization doesn’t make much sense to her anyway.

She does privilege comprehension, understanding application over memorization fact-based discrete types of pieces of evidence. However, she understands that we need to use discrete evidence early to get more complex and consolidated evidence later. 

The difference between deep learning and surface learning.

From Carleton University, Samah Sabra says something really interesting.

Samah Sabra, Carleton University. Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches
Samah Sabra, Carleton University. Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches

She thinks that in education theory, this distinction is made between deep and surface approaches to learning. The idea is that with surface approaches, learning often it’s this kind of, you know, cram for the exam or the assignment or stay up all night getting the paper in. Then you don’t remember it beyond that, right?

You’re just sort of in the same way that an iceberg just has this tip that sticks out, but then there’s this whole bigger piece below that you don’t see! When students are engaged or, you know, any of us are engaged in surface approaches learning, we’re just getting at that very tip of the iceberg, and we’re not getting at all of that really rich and powerful stuff that’s below.

You know you want to get students to use more of the deep approaches to learning. You can design a course in that way. You bring some of that into a course to figure out ways to get students not just, you know, reflecting on their learning experiences but also engaged in what’s often talked about in education theory as deliberate practice, right?

Where they’re not just doing it to do it, you know. They’re not just doing it to get the paper done. They are engaged in actually practicing a skill and deliberately practicing that skill, thinking about what they’re doing and how to improve it.

It often means not just building those opportunities but making sure that you’re giving the kind of feedback that students need. So that they know how to improve that skill as they go along and as they progress.

Deep and Surface Learning

Now let us move on to Steve Joordens from the University of Toronto. We will know about deep and surface learning approaches from him this time. Read along, folks.

Steve Joordens,  University of Toronto. Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches
Steve Joordens, University of Toronto. Surface Learning vs. Deep Learning Approaches

Much like the community of inquiry scale gives you a sense of this presence thing. There is a big scale. It is all about trying to get the level at which students are interacting with the course. The biggest division is between the surface versus the deep level.

It is a very predictive scale that he has found in many cases that you know as a basic indicator. If you want to predict marks, this scale predicts them very well. Those with a deep approach learn much better and get much better marks.

Once again, it provides a tool, and then when he tries to do things like even the example of turning reward contingencies in the flirting or something like that, you can get a sense of whether that makes people approach the material more deeply. You can look for changes in the orientation of the scale as a function of the assessments you use. So once again, it’s another good formative tool, something he thinks every good instructor should be keeping an eye on as they make changes to a course.

Courtesy: A rising software development company, Semicolon IT Solutions is a one-stop IT solutions company. It has been awarded ISO 9001:2015 certification for proving itself in the work field.

94 / 100
internet marketing

Recent Articles

Related Stories


  1. Your writing is veritably well. At present technology is prosperous. Technology plays an important part in education. A deep learning approach and a surface learning approach both are important parts of education, There are multitudinous technological tools through which it’s possible to take education at home truly easily. Among the tools of online knowledge technology, Dojoit Online whiteboard. This tool has multitudinous benefits. Online whiteboard for education is truly useful for Online training.

    To know more, visit:

  2. Nowadays online education has become a very popular medium. In the current situation due to Covid19, learning offline or getting an education outside the home is really a challenge. No nation can move forward without education, so online education has been arranged. Your writings, therefore, point out the importance of online learning or what the challenges of online learning can be. I really like your statement. I agree with you. The online whiteboard is a very useful and necessary medium for online education. personally, I use it, and I feel it is very useful for online learning. you can visit from here:

  3. Research into scholar gaining knowledge of suggests that any gaining knowledge of system entails a selected intensity of having a look at and there are man or woman variations in phrases of ways college students technique their gaining knowledge whiteboard for education Learning is exceedingly contextual and at the center of each gaining knowledge of system lie essential ideas really well worth mentioning: deep gaining knowledge of and floor gaining knowledge of. Deep gaining knowledge is a dedicated technique to gaining knowledge in which the learner makes use of higher-order cognitive talents to grasp instructional content material, paintings collaboratively, and assume and engage severely and actively with the content material being learned. But now no longer all gaining knowledge of is the same. Maybe for a few reasons, college students have a tendency to keep away from difficult paintings and as a substitute depends on unmarried reasserts of information, and as a result, they analyze best what’s required however not anything more. This is called floor gaining knowledge. The floor technique is absolutely in assessment with the deep technique. So it’s critical for the lecturers to apprehend the unique methods of how the scholars analyze and interpret. Different characterizations contrasting deep and floor gaining knowledge of exist.

  4. First of all, thank you for writing veritably well.

    In-depth Literacy Compared to In-Depth Literacy Styles-In-depth Literacy Styles Compared to In-Depth Literacy Styles In-depth and advanced reading styles is scholars’ own and exploration styles. The difference between an In-Depth Learning Approach and an In-Depth Literacy Program is veritably important to know at this time.
    An online whiteboard of educational strategies that we should use to ameliorate pupil provocation in our courses. Numerous among our preceptors and community trainers are wondering, especially youthful people like me, about the strategies used to ameliorate pupil provocation on the whiteboard.

    In this nimbus epidemic of schoolteacher oscillations, this online whiteboard for education may be an illustration of a dynamic and dynamic challenge, videlicet that a more-arranged playbook can guide practical responses. to take care of pupil literacy, numerous chops use online tutoring.
    Educational institutions around the world have been closed due to the nimbus epidemic, and numerous educational institutions have switched to online literacy centers to continue their literacy conditioning. they abuse white education boards online, there’s an original unit common whiteboards for illustration Ziteboard, Dojoit, Miro, etc.

    I suppose the Dojoit white online board itself makes remote and classroom literacy straightforward, engaging, and fun.

    Visit More:

  5. First of all thanks to the author for writing so beautifully.
    In this corona pidemic Constantly changing conditions.The online whiteboard is very important for learning online For teachers, We have benefited a lot from this because we have not been able to get out of this situation but we have been able to continue our studies.
    Dojoit is one of the best and cool whiteboards I have used. Everyone can use this. You can easily write, draw and add images. What you do is instantly shown to all other participants. Also, a great thing is you can create as many boards as you want.
    Visit the app from here:

  6. In-intensity Literacy Compared to In-Depth Literacy Styles-In-intensity Literacy Styles Compared to In-Depth Literacy Styles In-intensity and superior studying patterns is scholars’ very own and exploration patterns. The distinction between an In-Depth Learning Approach and an In-Depth Literacy Program is assuredly essential to understand at this time.
    An online whiteboard of instructional techniques that we must use to ameliorate scholar provocation in our courses. Numerous amongst our preceptors and network running shoes are wondering, particularly younger human beings like me, approximately the techniques used to ameliorate scholar provocation at the whiteboard.

    In this nimbus epidemic of schoolteacher oscillations, this online whiteboard for schooling can be an instance of a dynamic and dynamic challenge, videlicet that a more-organized playbook can manual realistic responses. to attend to scholar literacy, several chops use online tutoring.
    Educational establishments around the arena had been closed because of the nimbus epidemic, and several academic establishments have switched to online literacy facilities to retain their literacy conditioning. they abuse white schooling forums online, there are authentic units not unusual place whiteboards for instance Ziteboard, Dojoit, Miro, etc.

    I assume the Dojoit white online board itself makes far-flung and lecture room literacy straightforward, engaging, and fun.

    Strive it here: online whiteboard for education

  7. In short, the above-reading approach is actually the opposite of an in-depth learning approach, in which students focus on producing only those pieces of content needed to complete the test without having to worry about logical controversy and little interest in the subject matter. .

    In-depth learning is a very dedicated learning process where students work collaboratively and think and engage deeply and diligently with the content being studied. In-depth students are motivated and willing to use high-level comprehension skills to become proficient in academic content.


    Among the online information technology tools, the white board Dojoit Online. This tool has many benefits. The white online whiteboard for educationis really useful for online training.

  8. This is incredible for tenderfoots or casual clients like me. As a pristine Dojoit shopper this aided me appropriate over halfway there on making it artistic creations for myself and with various individuals. Learning new ages can’t be troublesome. I canvases constantly with my PC frameworks so presently at this point not so extreme.
    Dojoit offers you a clean internet based material and an abundance of hardware submitting it. The final product is a particular and inciting programming program that makes it a fulfillment to team up, offer, and gift your compositions. Dojoit is the legitimate gadget to help us with cooperation, whiteboarding, and reviews while remote. I’ve utilized an assortment of online whiteboards up until this point. Yet, I haven’t found one this is as buyer charming as this one.
    Dojoit is a fantastic whiteboard online that you may percent your musings with each unique.
    It is a totally useful asset for arranging work processes. Educators can be a piece of up for Dojoit and make their extremely close to home instruction with the goal that it will control work process. Educators can see the improvement of their college understudies for example who attempted the inquiries or movement. Instructors can stamp all games exercises in an unmarried spot. To transfer all extraordinary sorts of inspecting materials, Dojoit presents stockpiling for college understudies to get legitimate admittance to as a chance of having shared connections, the entire part might be put away in an unmarried region in Dojo. It can work with and direct the drift of preparing and concentrating on sports exercises

  9. Fundamentally, the surface method for managing learning is essentially something as opposed to the significant learning approach, with understudies focusing in on copying simply those bits of the substance expected to complete assessments without obsessing about the reasoning of the dispute and with little interest in the subject. Significant learning is a genuinely devoted method for managing acknowledging where understudies work helpfully and think and team up essentially and viably with the substance being learned. Significant understudies are naturally not settled forever to use higher solicitation scholarly capacities to rule academic substance.
    Read more: Difference Between Deep Learning and Surface Learning | Difference Between

  10. The difference between in-depth reading and over-learning Like being in the quiz community gives you a sense of this reality. There is a large scale. It’s all about trying to figure out how students interact with the subject.
    You will find the right to understand by memorization, and without hesitation, in the online education environment, remembering does not make much sense to him anyway.
    I have used many types of white boards online, but Dojoit is superior to any other white online board.Also, testing is an important part of the design. We recognize how vital evaluation is to students.
    “How will we be tested in this study?”
    this white online learning board can be an example of flexible and flexible challenges.

Leave A Reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here